• Academic References
  • Academic References
  • The University of York requires two reports from academic referees. These are an important part of the selection process for postgraduate study. It is in your interest to make sure that your referees are both appropriate and informative.
    Please give or send a copy of this sheet to each of your referees, and ask for a reference to be returned directly to Postgraduate Admissions at the University of York.
    Before forwarding this sheet to your referee, enter below your name and the programme you have applied for:
    Full name:
    Applicant Reference Number:
    Programme applied for:
  • To the referee:
  • Please supply a reference in English on the above-named applicant's suitability, on both academic and general grounds, to study at the University of York for the programme applied for.
    If his/her first language (or language of previous university-level instruction) is not English, do you consider his/her command of English to be adequate for postgraduate study?
    If possible, please provide details of the result he/she has obtained in degree examinations thus far and (if he/she has not yet graduated) a prediction of the likely degree result. If the grading system is different from that used in British universities, please provide a brief explanation of the grading system used.
    Please include your name, status/title, the name and address of your university/institution, and your telephone/fax number/email contact details.
  • References must either be submitted on official headed paper, or sent from a recognised educational email address.
  • Under the Data Protection Act 1998, references received by the University may be disclosable to the candidate; you may therefore wish to confine yourself to statements of fact and academic judgement.
  • 约克大学要求的PS格式
  • Writing your personal statement
    Use 12 pt, Times New Roman font
    Use 2 cm margins
    Write ONE page A4 only; do NOT write more than this
    What to include
    The reasons why you would like to take the programmeand what you want to get out of the MA. Try and be more specific than ‘to teach’ or ‘to do a PhD’
    Why you would like to take the Programme offered by the University of York
    What option modules you might be interested in
    What topics you might be interested in for writing your dissertation (if you already have an idea) What prior work/study experience you have relevant to the Programme
    What NOT to include
    Irrelevant biographical detail (we do not need to know about your childhood or what your parents do)
    Anecdotes and ‘sayings’; stick to the facts
    You MUST NOT copy phrases from generic templates from the internet (e.g.. ‘it has been my dream since childhood…’); write the personal statement in your OWN words. This is really important because you will need this skill when writing your assignments
    Do NOT include more than one page; you may be asked to resubmit your personal statement if a significant portion is irrelevant
    Demonstrating you are able to following instructions is an important aspect of completing an MA. Please follow the instructions above for writing your personal statement.
  • 美国普度大学的PS要求(通用美国)
  • The personal statement, your opportunity to sell yourself in the application process, generally falls into one of two categories:
    1. The general, comprehensive personal statement:
    This allows you maximum freedom in terms of what you write and is the type of statement often prepared for standard medical or law school application forms.
    2. The response to very specific questions:
    Often, business and graduate school applications ask specific questions, and your statement should respond specifically to the question being asked. Some business school applications favor multiple essays, typically asking for responses to three or more questions.
    Questions to ask yourself before you write:
    What's special, unique, distinctive, and/or impressive about you or your life story?
    What details of your life (personal or family problems, history, people or events that have shaped you or influenced your goals) might help the committee better understand you or help set you apart from other applicants?
    When did you become interested in this field and what have you learned about it (and about yourself) that has further stimulated your interest and reinforced your conviction that you are well suited to this field? What insights have you gained?
    How have you learned about this field—through classes, readings, seminars, work or other experiences, or conversations with people already in the field?
    If you have worked a lot during your college years, what have you learned (leadership or managerial skills, for example), and how has that work contributed to your growth?
    What are your career goals?
    Are there any gaps or discrepancies in your academic record that you should explain (great grades but mediocre LSAT or GRE scores, for example, or a distinct upward pattern to your GPA if it was only average in the beginning)?
    Have you had to overcome any unusual obstacles or hardships (for example, economic, familial, or physical) in your life?
    What personal characteristics (for example, integrity, compassion, and/or persistence) do you possess that would improve your prospects for success in the field or profession? Is there a way to demonstrate or document that you have these characteristics?
    What skills (for example, leadership, communicative, analytical) do you possess?
    Why might you be a stronger candidate for graduate school—and more successful and effective in the profession or field than other applicants? What are the most compelling reasons you can give for the admissions committee to be interested in you?
    General advice
    Answer the questions that are asked
    If you are applying to several schools, you may find questions in each application that are somewhat similar.
    Don't be tempted to use the same statement for all applications. It is important to answer each question being asked, and if slightly different answers are needed, you should write separate statements. In every case, be sure your answer fits the question being asked.
    Tell a story
    Think in terms of showing or demonstrating through concrete experience. One of the worst things you can do is to bore the admissions committee. If your statement is fresh, lively, and different, you'll be putting yourself ahead of the pack. If you distinguish yourself through your story, you will make yourself memorable.
    Be specific
    Don't, for example, state that you would make an excellent doctor unless you can back it up with specific reasons. Your desire to become a lawyer, engineer, or whatever should be logical, the result of specific experience that is described in your statement. Your application should emerge as the logical conclusion to your story. Find an angle
    If you're like most people, your life story lacks drama, so figuring out a way to make it interesting becomes the big challenge. Finding an angle or a "hook" is vital.
    Concentrate on your opening paragraph
    The lead or opening paragraph is generally the most important. It is here that you grab the reader's attention or lose it. This paragraph becomes the framework for the rest of the statement.
    Tell what you know
    The middle section of your essay might detail your interest and experience in your particular field, as well as some of your knowledge of the field. Too many people graduate with little or no knowledge of the nuts and bolts of the profession or field they hope to enter. Be as specific as you can in relating what you know about the field and use the language professionals use in conveying this information. Refer to experiences (work, research, etc.), classes, conversations with people in the field, books you've read, seminars you've attended, or any other source of specific information about the career you want and why you're suited to it. Since you will have to select what you include in your statement, the choices you make are often an indication of your judgment.
    Don't include some subjects
    There are certain things best left out of personal statements. For example, references to experiences or accomplishments in high school or earlier are generally not a good idea. Don't mention potentially controversial subjects (for example, controversial religious or political issues).
    Do some research, if needed
    If a school wants to know why you're applying to it rather than another school, do some research to find out what sets your choice apart from other universities or programs. If the school setting would provide an important geographical or cultural change for you, this might be a factor to mention.
    Write well and correctly
    Be meticulous. Type and proofread your essay very carefully. Many admissions officers say that good written skills and command of correct use of language are important to them as they read these statements. Express yourself clearly and concisely. Adhere to stated word limits.
    Avoid clichés
    A medical school applicant who writes that he is good at science and wants to help other people is not exactly expressing an original thought. Stay away from often-repeated or tired statements.
  • 肯特大学PS官方建议
  • Writing a Personal Statement for Postgraduate Study Applications
  • Personal statements are frequently required in applications for postgraduate study, in particular business courses, such as MBAs, but are also required for areas such as postgraduate teacher training. You are typically allowed about 1 page of A4 (250-500 words) to "sell yourself". Sometimes you will simply be asked to "provide evidence in support of your application" whereas sometimes the question will be much more prescriptive:
    "Describe briefly your reasons for wanting to teach giving the relevance of your previous education and experience, including teaching, visits to schools and work with other young people"
    PGCE (teacher training) application form.
    Sometimes (as in the example given above), you will be given a very clear indication of what you should write, but in the absence of this, here are some guidelines. Don't use the same statement for all applications. Each statement will need a slightly different emphasis, depending on the university you are applying to. Make sure that you answer the questions asked in each statement. Research the university and course/research area. Find out what sets your choice apart from other universities.
    Use good English. If your statement is fresh, lively, and different, you'll be putting yourself ahead of the crowd. Read your statement very carefully. Do your draft on a word-processor and spell and grammar check it, but also give it to a friend to read. Be clear and concise. Don't woffle! Show the ability to put the salient points across in a few words. Stay within prescribed word limits. Pay attention to presentation - type the statement if your handwriting is at all poor. Be positive and enthusiastic – selectors will read many personal statements and you want yours to stand out.
    Give your statement a structure with an introduction, a main body and an end. The opening paragraph is important as it is here that you grab the reader's attention or lose it. This paragraph becomes the framework for the rest of the statement. The middle section might detail your interest and experience in your particular field, as well as your knowledge of the field. Be as specific as you can in relating what you know about the field and use the language professionals use in conveying this information.
    Get your final draft checked by friends or the duty careers adviser. A careers adviser is on duty to help with queries between 10.30 am - 12.30 p.m. and 2.00 - 5.00 p.m. every weekday in the Careers Service. You don't need to book an appointment to see the duty careers adviser - just ask at reception to see them.
    Possible content for your statement
    Why do you want to do the course/research?
    Try to convey your enthusiasm and motivation for study/research. Don't try to write what you think they want to hear, write your real reasons. Write about any projects dissertations or extended essays you have done if they are relevant or demonstrate relevant skills. Mention any prizes you have won, also travel or study abroad and relevant employment. Describe anything that shows creativity, dependability or independence. Why this subject?
    Be clear about why you have chosen this. Is the programme noted for a particular emphasis, speciality or orientation? When did you become interested in this field and what have you learned about it? What insights have you gained? How have you learned about this field - through classes, seminars, work or conversations with academic staff?
    Why this university?
    Are there specific academic staff you want to do research or study with?
    What academic skills have you got to offer?
    Computing skills, knowledge of relevant scientific techniques etc. If your A levels were poor (or you didn't do these, try to show an upward progression during your time at University). What personal skills can you offer? e.g. ability to wor
    k in a team, with little supervision. Demonstrate that you've done your homework about the course/research and that you've seriously considered your strengths and weaknesses for postgraduate study or research. If you have done vacation jobs, what skills have you learned e.g. teamworking, communication, working under pressure. Have you had to overcome any obstacles or hardships in your life? This may show evidence of determination/resilience.
    What are your strengths?
    In what ways are you better than other applicants. If you can't answer this question, don't expect the selectors to answer it for you! What is the relevance of your first degree to this study?
    Point out any circumstances that may have effected your academic results, that you think should be considerered by the selectors.
    What are your career aims?
    You may not have a very clear focus on what you want to do afterwards, but you should have some ideas. A clear direction will strengthen your commitment to do well in your studies and selectors will know this. Your desire to become a lawyer, lecturer, or whatever should be logical, the result of specific experience in your statement.